COPD is a disease in which the lungs can be full of small inflammations that cause permanent damage. Unfortunately, COPD cannot be cured. If you have COPD, a result can be that you suffer from breathlessness, for example when climbing stairs, working or getting dressed. COPD is a collective term for:
In chronic bronchitis, the bronchi (the branches from the trachea to the lungs) are constantly inflamed. As a result, more mucus is produced and breathing is more difficult.
With emphysema or emphysema, more and more alveoli are slowly lost. The alveoli ensure that oxygen enters your blood after inhalation and that you can exhale waste products again. The fewer alveoli there are, the more difficult this becomes.